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A view across the workings of the Konin mines to the Konin coal fired power plant, in Western Poland, looking south, photographed from the windmill of Marek Matuszak. The power stations in the distance are Elektrownia Konin on the left and Elektrownia Pątnów on the right.
A view across the workings of the Konin mines to the Konin coal fired power plant, in Western Poland, looking south, photographed from the windmill of Marek Matuszak. The power stations in the distance are Elektrownia Konin on the left and Elektrownia Pątnów on the right.

The Konin mines

A view across the workings of the Konin mines to the Konin coal fired power plant, in Western Poland, looking south, photographed from the windmill of Marek Matuszak. The power stations in the distance are Elektrownia Konin on the left and Elektrownia Pątnów on the right.

Three Polish women from the Konin area, who have attended a protest about land that will be occupied by the expansion of a mine, the second biggest in Poland. They stand on the edge of the Jozwin II B pit, part of the Konin mine complex, which is owned by KBW Konin.
Three Polish women from the Konin area, who have attended a protest about land that will be occupied by the expansion of a mine, the second biggest in Poland. They stand on the edge of the Jozwin II B pit, part of the Konin mine complex, which is owned by KBW Konin.

Standing on the edge of mine

Three Polish women from the Konin area, who have attended a protest about land that will be occupied by the expansion of a mine, the second biggest in Poland. They stand on the edge of the Jozwin II B pit, part of the Konin mine complex, which is owned by KBW Konin.

A view across the workings of part of the Konin mines of Western Poland, photographed from the windmill of Marek Matuszak.
A view across the workings of part of the Konin mines of Western Poland, photographed from the windmill of Marek Matuszak.

Mines and houses

A view across the workings of part of the Konin mines of Western Poland, photographed from the windmill of Marek Matuszak.

A view over one of the pits that is part of the vast open cast mine complex, Konin in Poland, owned by KBW Konin. The second biggest mine in Poland. The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.
A view over one of the pits that is part of the vast open cast mine complex, Konin in Poland, owned by KBW Konin. The second biggest mine in Poland. The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.

Open pits

A view over one of the pits that is part of the vast open cast mine complex, Konin in Poland, owned by KBW Konin. The second biggest mine in Poland. The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.

Earth displaced, by open-cast mining for coal, is moved, at night inside the Jozwin II B pit, an open cast mine that is part of the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB). The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.
Earth displaced, by open-cast mining for coal, is moved, at night inside the Jozwin II B pit, an open cast mine that is part of the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB). The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.

Earth displaced, by open-cast mining

Earth displaced, by open-cast mining for coal, is moved, at night inside the Jozwin II B pit, an open cast mine that is part of the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB). The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.

Machinery and workings inside the Jozwin II B pit, an open cast mine that is part of the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by KBW Konin. The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.
Machinery and workings inside the Jozwin II B pit, an open cast mine that is part of the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by KBW Konin. The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.

Machinery and workings inside the Jozwin II B pit

Machinery and workings inside the Jozwin II B pit, an open cast mine that is part of the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by KBW Konin. The mines here extract a type of coal called Lignite, which many refer to as 'brown coal'. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's energy generation, via coal fired power stations, which are often located next to the mining areas.

This is what lignite (or brown coal) looks like. Photographed in a miner's hands in one of the Konin mines
This is what lignite (or brown coal) looks like. Photographed in a miner's hands in one of the Konin mines

Lignite

This is what lignite (or brown coal) looks like. Photographed in a miner's hands in one of the Konin mines

Wieslaw Michalak, a Polish farmer who's land in the village of Tomislawice lies in the path of a proposed open cast coal mine. The mine part of the Konin group of mines owned by the state run company Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB), will provide lignite (known as brown coal) for local power stations. Some of Wieslaw Michalak's relatives are buried in the nearby cemetery, their graves will have to be exhumed and their bodies relocated.  He plays the accordian (pictured in some of these images).
Wieslaw Michalak, a Polish farmer who's land in the village of Tomislawice lies in the path of a proposed open cast coal mine. The mine part of the Konin group of mines owned by the state run company Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB), will provide lignite (known as brown coal) for local power stations. Some of Wieslaw Michalak's relatives are buried in the nearby cemetery, their graves will have to be exhumed and their bodies relocated.  He plays the accordian (pictured in some of these images).

Wieslaw Michalak

Wieslaw Michalak, a Polish farmer who's land in the village of Tomislawice lies in the path of a proposed open cast coal mine. The mine part of the Konin group of mines owned by the state run company Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB), will provide lignite (known as brown coal) for local power stations. Some of Wieslaw Michalak's relatives are buried in the nearby cemetery, their graves will have to be exhumed and their bodies relocated. He plays the accordian (pictured in some of these images).

Wieslaw Michalak a Polish farmer who's land in the village of Tomislawice lies in the path of a proposed open cast coal mine. The mine part of the Konin group of mines owned by the state run company Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB), will provide lignite (known as brown coal) for local power stations. Some of Wieslaw Michalak's relatives are buried in the nearby cemetery, their graves will have to be exhumed and their bodies relocated.  He plays the accordian (pictured in some of these images).
Wieslaw Michalak a Polish farmer who's land in the village of Tomislawice lies in the path of a proposed open cast coal mine. The mine part of the Konin group of mines owned by the state run company Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB), will provide lignite (known as brown coal) for local power stations. Some of Wieslaw Michalak's relatives are buried in the nearby cemetery, their graves will have to be exhumed and their bodies relocated.  He plays the accordian (pictured in some of these images).

Wieslaw Michalak

Wieslaw Michalak a Polish farmer who's land in the village of Tomislawice lies in the path of a proposed open cast coal mine. The mine part of the Konin group of mines owned by the state run company Kopalnia Wegla Brunatnego (KWB), will provide lignite (known as brown coal) for local power stations. Some of Wieslaw Michalak's relatives are buried in the nearby cemetery, their graves will have to be exhumed and their bodies relocated. He plays the accordian (pictured in some of these images).

The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations: Elektrownia Konin and Elektrownia PaĢtnów. Teenagers walk under a network of pipes that run through and over their village from the plants.
The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations: Elektrownia Konin and Elektrownia PaĢtnów. Teenagers walk under a network of pipes that run through and over their village from the plants.

The town of Goslawice near Konin

The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations: Elektrownia Konin and Elektrownia PaĢtnów. Teenagers walk under a network of pipes that run through and over their village from the plants.

Elektrownia Pątnów, a coal fired power station near Konin in Poland that was expanded in 2007. The plant burns Lignite, known as 'brown coal' which is extracted locally via vast open cast pits situated in the Konin area. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's power capacity, via electricity from generation from coal fired power plants such as this.
Elektrownia Pątnów, a coal fired power station near Konin in Poland that was expanded in 2007. The plant burns Lignite, known as 'brown coal' which is extracted locally via vast open cast pits situated in the Konin area. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's power capacity, via electricity from generation from coal fired power plants such as this.

The chimneys of Elektrownia Pątnów

Elektrownia Pątnów, a coal fired power station near Konin in Poland that was expanded in 2007. The plant burns Lignite, known as 'brown coal' which is extracted locally via vast open cast pits situated in the Konin area. Poland is dependent on coal for 93% of it's power capacity, via electricity from generation from coal fired power plants such as this.

The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations: Elektrownia Konin and Elektrownia Patnów. Pipes discharge a mixture of water and waste ash which is a waste product from the power station into shallow craters in the ground behind the village. The result resembles lakes of an ash based sludge, stretching out in front of the power station.
The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations: Elektrownia Konin and Elektrownia Patnów. Pipes discharge a mixture of water and waste ash which is a waste product from the power station into shallow craters in the ground behind the village. The result resembles lakes of an ash based sludge, stretching out in front of the power station.

Outflow pipe

The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations: Elektrownia Konin and Elektrownia Patnów. Pipes discharge a mixture of water and waste ash which is a waste product from the power station into shallow craters in the ground behind the village. The result resembles lakes of an ash based sludge, stretching out in front of the power station.

The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations, pictured here is Elektrownia Konin. Pipes discharge a mixture of water and waste ash which is a waste product from the power station into shallow craters in the ground behind the village. The result resembles lakes of a white ash based sludge, stretching out in front of the power station.
The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations, pictured here is Elektrownia Konin. Pipes discharge a mixture of water and waste ash which is a waste product from the power station into shallow craters in the ground behind the village. The result resembles lakes of a white ash based sludge, stretching out in front of the power station.

Ash pits near the town of Goslawice

The town of Goslawice near Konin is overlooked by the two coal fired power stations, pictured here is Elektrownia Konin. Pipes discharge a mixture of water and waste ash which is a waste product from the power station into shallow craters in the ground behind the village. The result resembles lakes of a white ash based sludge, stretching out in front of the power station.

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.
Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.

Ash field

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.
Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.

Outflow pipe

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.
Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.

Lake lined with ash

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline.
Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline.

Ash field

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline.

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.
Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.

Pipe supported by piles of ash

Ash mixed with water is pumped out from outflow pipes from the Konin and Patnow coal plants into a draining area, behind the two power stations. The water collects into a shallow lake of ash and sludge, eventually draining into a larger deeper lake. Deposits are left which are thought to be toxic and highly alkaline. Hardened dried ash deposits coat the shoreline.

A view across the workings of part of the Konin mines of Western Poland, photographed from the wind turbine installed by Marek Matuszak. One of the wind turbines is in the foreground. Stopped now but due to be in operation in one month from the time of the visit. Marek owns three turbines in total, all built on his own land.
A view across the workings of part of the Konin mines of Western Poland, photographed from the wind turbine installed by Marek Matuszak. One of the wind turbines is in the foreground. Stopped now but due to be in operation in one month from the time of the visit. Marek owns three turbines in total, all built on his own land.

Wind turbine at Konin

A view across the workings of part of the Konin mines of Western Poland, photographed from the wind turbine installed by Marek Matuszak. One of the wind turbines is in the foreground. Stopped now but due to be in operation in one month from the time of the visit. Marek owns three turbines in total, all built on his own land.

A former pit that has been mined of its seam of coal and filled with earth, one of many pits in the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by KBW Konin.
A former pit that has been mined of its seam of coal and filled with earth, one of many pits in the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by KBW Konin.

A covered over open pit mine

A former pit that has been mined of its seam of coal and filled with earth, one of many pits in the Konin mine complex in Poland, owned by KBW Konin.

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